POLITIK HUKUM PIDANA TERHADAP TINDAKAN TRANSPLANTASI ORGAN TUBUH

  • Dewi Bunga Fakultas Dharma Duta IHDN Denpasar
Keywords: organ trafficking, criminal law policy, organ transplantation

Abstract

Organ transplantation is a medical procedure that has been done since the 20th century to improve the quality of life of patients. The demand for organs more than the supply of donor organs. Patients also had to wait to get the desired organ. This condition is used to conduct illegal organ trade (organ trafficking).Organ trafficking can be made online. Indonesia legalize organ transplants, but prohibits all forms of organ trafficking. Criminal law policy against acts of organ trafficking in Indonesia is regulated in the Act Number 36 of 2009 on Health. Transplants can only be done for humanitarian purposes and is done by health workers who have the expertise and authority to do so and do in a particular health care facility.

References

BUKU :
Barda Nawawi Arief, 2002, Bunga Rampai Kebijakan Hukum Pidana, PT Citra Aditya Bakti, Bandung.
__________________, 2007, Masalah Penegakan Hukum dan Kebijakan Hukum Pidana dalam Penanggulangan Kejahatan, Kencana, Jakarta.
Slamet Marta Wardana, “Hakekat, Konsepsi dan Rencana Aksi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM), Muladi (ed.), 2009, Hak Asasi Manusia; Hakekat, Konsep dan Implikasinya dalam Perspektif Hukum dan Masyarakat, Refika Aditama, Bandung.
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_______, 1983, Hukum Pidana dan Perkembangan Masyarakat, Sinar Baru, Bandung.
Trini Handayani, 2012, Fungsionalisasi Hukum Pidana Terhadap Perbuatan Perdagangan Organ Tubuh Manusia, Mandar Maju, Bandung.

PERATURAN PERUNDASNG-UNDANGAN :
Undang-undang Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan. Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Thaun 2009 Nomor 144, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 5036.
Undang-undang Nomor 21 Tahun 2007 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Perdagangan.Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2007 Nomor 58, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 4720

INTERNET
Fabian Januarius Kuwado, Kabareskrim: Perdagangan Organ Tubuh adalah Kejahatan Terorganisasi, http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2016/02/01/09131321/Kabareskrim.Perdagangan.Organ.Tubuh.adalah.Kejahatan.Terorganisasi?utm_source=RD&utm_medium=inart&utm_campaign=khiprd
Martin Patience, Menguak Pasar Gelap Organ Donor di Cina, http://www.bbc.com/indonesia/majalah/2015/08/150812_majalah_cina_organ_donor