FENOMENA PEKERJA ANAK DITINJAU DARI PERSPEKTIF HAK ASASI MANUSIA

  • Ni Putu Noni Suharyanti Fakultas Hukum Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar
  • Kadek Endra Setiawan Fakultas Hukum Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar
Keywords: Child Labour, Human Rights

Abstract

The child labour are vulnerable to exploitation and violence that affect the physical, mental, moral, and spiritual development of the child so that should be protected. The Government has demonstrated its commitment through ratification of the international conventions on child labour namely the ILO Convention Number 138 of 1973 and ILO Convention Number 182 of 1999. In addition, Law of the Republic Indonesia Number 13 Year 2003 concerning Employment has also provided protection for child labour. The existence of child labour is difficult to elliminate because the economic factors are often the main reason why children should work so that full prohibition of children to work in this condition triggered a dilemma for the government. Protecting child labour is not enough by establishing a legal product but must be accompanied by supervision and enforcement of sanctions against actors who employ children not in accordance with applicable regulations. Therefore, to protect child labour from exploitation, violence, or anything else that triggers the loss of child rights requires a comprehensive effort by various parties.

References

BUKU :
Berting, Jan, et al., 1990, Human Rights in a Pluralist World : Individuals and Collectivities, First. Edition, Meckler, London.
H. Muladi, 2009, Hak Asasi Manusia:Hakekat, Konsep, dan Implikasi dalam Perspektif Hukum dan Masyarakat, Refika Aditama, Bandung.
Satijipto Raharjo,2000, Ilmu Hukum, PT. Citra Aditya Bakti, Bandung.

JURNAL :
Kurniaty Rika, 2007, Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Pekerja Anak Berdasar Hukum Positif Indonesia, Fakultas Hukum Unmul, Vol. 13 No. 2.

PERATURAN PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN :
Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 39 Tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1999 Nomor 165 dan Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 3886.
Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 1999 tentang Ratifikasi 1LO Convention No. 138 Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (Konvensi ILO Mengenai Usia Minimum Untuk Diperbolehkan Bekerja), Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1999 Nomor 56 dan Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 3835.
Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 1 Tahun 2000 tentang Pengesahan ILO Convention No. 182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of The Worst Forms of Child Labour (Konvensi ILO No. 182 Mengenai Pelarangan dan Tindakan Segera Penghapusan Bentuk-Bentuk Pekerjaan Terburuk Untuk Anak).
Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 tentang Perlindungan Anak, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2002 Nomor 109 dan Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 4235.