LAHIRNYA PANCASILA SEBAGAI PEMERSATU BANGSA INDONESIA

  • Ida Bagus Brata
  • Ida Bagus Nyoman Wartha
Keywords: Pancasila, Unifier, BPUPKI, PPKI

Abstract

This paper aims to examine the history of the formulation of Pancasila into a basic principle of state philosophy and unifying the nation. The method used is literature study, which is a series of activities to find, read, record, review the reports, and library materials that contain theories relevant to the problems in revealing past events. The results show that the independence achieved by the Indonesian people is not a gift from the Netherlands or Japan. Independence is achieved through a long struggle full of twists and turns with the sacrifice of property, soul, and body. On 17-08-1945 is the culmination of the nation's struggle. De facto independence is not enough, support and international recognition (de yure) is needed. One of the conditions to be recognized by the international community, that the independent state is obliged to have the Basic of State and the Constitution of the State. The formulation of Pancasila as the candidate for State Base started through the session of BPUPKI. The proposed candidate for Basic State has been submitted by the figures in front of the first trial of BPUPKI. At the second session delivered the results of the formulation of Pancasila by the Committee of nine, commonly known as the Jakarta Charter. The structure of Pancasila, especially the first precepts in the Jakarta Charter, is proposed to be replaced, thus becoming "Belief in the One Supreme". The 1945 Constitution and Pancasila were passed by the PPKI to become the State Basis, unifier and house with the Indonesian nation.

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